Middle eastern Rhythms
Basic Doumbek Notation
Doum (D) Right hand, clear low tone (from the center)
Tek (t) & Ka (k) Right & Left hand, crisp high tone (sharply striking the edge of the head)
Although Tek and Ka can be played with either hand, Tek is usually played with the dominant hand since it is more often accented (played louder and in capitals below). The above key is reversed if youre left-handed.
Common Middle-eastern Rhythms
The following rhythms have many correct names and variations. Here, Ive provided some of the more common ones. After learning a basic rhythm, experiment with your own subtle variations and embellishments; then you can switch between these at-will while playing with others!
Audio samples created by Jas' Rhythm Generator
Beledi [4/4] (Here with optional connector)1e+a2e+a3e+a4e+aMaqsum [4/4] Means "cut in half"
D D tkt D tkt tk1e+a2e+a3e+a4e+aAyyub (aka Camel) [2/4] Very versatile and high energy!
D t t D t1e+a2e+aGawazi [4/4] - a popular local creation
D kD t
D tkD D tkt tktk1e+a2e+a3e+a4e+a5e+a6e+a7e+a8e+aChifteteli [8/4] Best played slow
D D tktkt D tkTkT tkTkT tk
D D D t t D tkTkT tkTkT tk
D t k D tktkD tktktkD D T1e+a2e+a3e+a4e+a5e+a6e+a7e+a8e+aKashlimah [9/8]
D t t D t D D t
D tkt t tkD t tkD D t1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+Dawr Hindi [7/8]
D t D T T T
D tkt tkD tkT T T1+2+3+4+5+6+7+Serto [2/4]
D tktkD tkt tk1e+a2e+a3e+a4e+aMalfouf [4/8] A trance rhythm. Whoa!
D kD ktkD kT ktk1e+a2e+aChaka [6/4] A countdown from five
DkkDkkTk1e+a2e+a3e+a4e+a5e+a6e+aTurkish Five [5/4]
D tktkt tktkD tkt tkD t
D tktkT T tkD tkT T D t1+2+3+4+5+Fifteen Eighths [15/8]
D k t k t1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+A+B+C+D+E+F+(An Eleven) [11/8] A countdown
D k k D k k D k k D k D k D k1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+A+B+C+Bolero [4/4]
D tktktkT tktkT tkT tkT1e+a2e+a3e+a4e+aJulianna's Jam (Joshua's Bender) [16/8] - a local creation
D tkT k t k t k1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9+A+B+C+D+E+F+G+Samai [10/8] - Filled with lots of finger rolls
D tkt tk k kD tk k kt Tk kD tkD
D tkt k t k T tkt k D D T tkt k t k